The number of students from China studying at universities across the United States has increased so dramatically that the total number of undergraduate students from China has doubled in the last two years. Splitting the check is not expected. Students are encouraged to freely participate in the class, and it is expected that they be allowed to express their ideas and thoughts freely. Individuals are encouraged to prioritize themselves above all, and work solely towards developing and achieving their own ambitions. In familial relationships, children are expected to take care of their aging parents. A handshake or verbal promise is enough to seal a deal. The contract is given utmost importance as it helps avoid any miscommunication, misunderstanding, and any risk of fraud. The American culture encourages direct confrontation or discussion when something seems debatable or not right to a person. American and Chinese explicit beliefs about creativity (i.e., expert opinions) share many similarities. Students are not expected to use anything other than the teacher’s title and maybe his/her last name when addressing him/her. However, is summer vacation actually beneficial to the development of our…, run they will pick up on fundamental skills they will need for the job force. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Similarities and Differences between American and Chinese Societies August 31, 2011 poisedonjon Uncategorized 1 Comment. ; from the 3rd century B.C. Buzzle tells you the key differences and similarities between the Chinese and American cultures. Both have a rich history. Criticism, boasting, bringing up controversial topics and enforcing personal opinions is not encouraged. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Once they are established, great care is taken to maintain them. Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures. In America, focusing on oneself and striving for individual success is the accepted norm. Calling people older than you by their first name is well-accepted and in many cases, even expected. The American culture is generous with its praise and criticism, and humility may sometimes even be observed as a weakness. It is wondrous, really, how every culture is so fascinating―the more you learn about it, the more it astonishes you (in a good way, of course!). Considering that both countries are business magnates in their own right, it can seem quite surprising to find that there are differences in the way business is conducted in both cultures. Also, waiters wait for a few minutes before asking for the order, so as to give the customers some time to decide what they want. The Chinese culture is more collective in nature, and the people are encouraged to think thoroughly about how their actions will affect those around them, and not only themselves. It is also customary to tip the person who served you a specific amount in order to show your appreciation. 2. Every country, every region, every community in the world associates itself with a particular culture, and derives its cuisines, customs, traditions, values, norms, and history from the same. In China, bu… Each person is encouraged to strive and work for personal growth and success. and for the next two millennia, China alternated between periods of unity and disunity under a succession of imperial dynasties. In China, there exists a social structure that inevitably results in a rigid social hierarchy. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. In case of familial relationships, parents are actively involved in their child’s upbringing, but it isn’t expected that children take care of their parents in their old age. Culture is the characteristics of a particular group of people which defined by language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. We 've run school like this not because it works for education, but because it works for society” (Dan Luzer). This is considered more important than trying to ‘save face’ or respecting an incorrect opinion just to keep peace. In American culture, particularly in business, many decisions are taken based upon a consensus which ensures that every person in that team or group agrees with the decision. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. From what we have seen above, we can rightly conclude that both these cultures are fascinating and unique in their own right. These cookies do not store any personal information. Considering that both countries are business magnates in their own right, it can seem quite surprising to find that there are differences in the way business is conducted in both cultures. Read on! Direct criticism, discussion of controversial issues, and personal opinions about anything are all acceptable in the American culture. A laid-back attitude is generally not tolerated when it comes to time management. It is expected that individuals reach their destinations on or even a little before time, but not even a little late. In America, when a group of friends go out for a meal or for drinks, it is expected that everyone splits the check and pays equally, or each person pays for what he or she had. While Americans aren’t opposed to establishing business relationships, the main focus actually is the speed and efficiency of the transaction and sealing the deal. The American culture is more individualistic in nature. Business in the U.S. is consequently more cut-throat and competitive than in China. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Both have so many achievements to be proud of. While the concept of contracts does exist on quite a large extent in China, they are not given as much importance as in the West. What exactly does make Chinese, Perhaps if America thought about borrowing a few of the Chinese ideas on focusing on the academics a lot more, combining the two would solve a lot of our educational problems of low grades. The concept of relationships is in itself very relaxed in the American culture. The Chinese are far superior in academics, compared to American students, but in America, students have a much greater chance of having social lives compared to Chinese students. Implicit beliefs, however, show more divergence: Americans tend to value novelty and more “groundbreaking” types of creativity, whereas Chinese tend to appreciate creativity within constraints, such as reworking a traditional concept. Contracts are seen to be the most important requirement in a business deal in America. The American approach to teaching is more free, as compared to the Chinese one. In China, establishing cordial relationships in business is extremely important, no matter how much time that takes. There are many tutors who encourage their students to call them by their first name, or even an abbreviation. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Like all countries, China and America have similarities and differences in culture and both have positives and negatives. Being 1st and 2nd respectively when it comes to economic might, both America and China are both leaders of the world’s economy. Elders are not expected to be called by their first names by those younger to them, and titles or other specified terms are to be used when addressing older people. Those who have wanderlust will understand what we’re saying better, as just listening to tales or reading about a culture may not be enough to actually absorb its essence. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. In America, there is no rigid social hierarchy that demands any specific kind of relationships. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. The next sections will cover the major differences and similarities between the two cultures. Healthcare systems are influenced by economic conditions . This may sound like a practical way of learning, but U.S educational systems ranks 17 in the world and takes the 25th spot for reading proficiency worldwide, while Hong Kong soars high with the number one spot. Tests and exams are conducted to check the student’s subjective understanding of a subject, and not to test his/her memory. There is great fluidity between relationships in the American culture, where all kinds of interaction is relaxed and encouraged. In China, decisions are made with keeping the ‘greater good’ in mind. This is done so as to not impose any authority on the team members and to not make the decision-making process an authoritative one. Copyright © Historyplex &, Inc. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Implicit beliefs, however, show more divergence: Americans tend to value novelty and more “groundbreaking” types of creativity, whereas Chinese tend to appreciate creativity within constraints, such as reworking a traditional concept. Though there are similarities between the two school systems, Chinese and American schools differ in many ways. A part of the culture in China that is quite … While the concept of contracts does exist on quite a large extent in China, they are not given as much importance as in the West. Independence is valued and encouraged. For China, from personal experiences in China a lot of the people have a hard time operating on their own and figuring out how to solve issues in their own way instead of depending on somebody else. The Chinese culture stresses more on ‘keeping or saving face’ than creating confrontational situations. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Humility and modesty is appreciated, even expected, and the Chinese culture does not encourage boasting about personal successes. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. In case there is no particular person who has organized the dinner, someone or the other at the table has to insist upon paying for the meal. We may have different religions, different languages, different colored skin, but we all belong to one human race.― Kofi Annan. Tests and examinations conducted are more likely to test the student’s memory rather than his/her subjective understanding of a subject or topic. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. And now Chinese students have made up to one-third of the total international students in the states (Los Angeles Times, 3). If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. China and America are two leading global superpowers, both having cultures that are somewhat similar to one another, and yet greatly differ from each other. In China, business people take time to establish relationships until the opposite party can be trusted, and often, contracts are merely a formality which sometimes aren’t even drawn up. Students in both Chinese and American schools are hardworking and diligent, and while cultural influences may be different, the end result is very similar. The cultural protocol advises keeping quiet and respecting the other person’s opinion though it may seem incorrect or invalid. In friendly relations too, if someone bestows a favor upon you, you are expected to return it as well as fully appreciate it. Thus, a difference in the structure of the Chinese and American governments causes the healthcare systems to divide their populations in different ways. 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