Samgar-Nebo is the name of a Babylonian general (Jeremiah 39:3). If he slew 600 with his own hand, the whole number that perished would almost certainly have been added. Hom. which slew of the Philistines six hundred men; who invaded the land, and came in an hostile manner into it; or rather, as it seems from Judges 5:6; they entered as a banditti of thieves and robbers, who posted themselves in the highways, and robbed travellers as they passed, so that they were obliged to leave off travelling, or go through bypaths, and not in the public road; and this man, who seems to have been called from the plough to be a judge of Israel, as some among the Romans were called from thence to be dictators and deliverers of them from the Gauls: with an ox goad; which he had used to push on his oxen with at ploughing, cleared the country of them, and with no other weapon than this slew six hundred of them, either at certain times, or in a body together; which is no ways incredible, being strengthened and succeeded by the Lord, any more than Samson's slaying a thousand men with the jawbone of an ass, Judges 15:15. Such an instrument, wielded by a strong arm, would do no mean execution. 135. 134), and that in this very neighbourhood (“near Carmel,” Nonnus, Dionys. First, how ordinary people like Shamgar with no military training slain 600 battle-hardened Philistines? Similarly the Thracian king Lycurgus is said to have chased the Bacchanals with an ox-goad (bouplêgi, II. 31 After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath,(A) who struck down six hundred(B) Philistines(C) with an oxgoad. Being disarmed, the Israelites would be unable to find any more effective weapon (Judges 5:6; Judges 5:8). 31 After him was (A)Shamgar the son of Anath, who killed 600 of the Philistines (B)with an oxgoad, and he also (C)saved Israel. He ruled for an unknown number of years. Shamgar. Jos 13:2; Jdg 10:11; 13:1; 1Sa 5:1; 31:1; 2Sa 8:1; Jer 25:20; 47:1, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Romans, Comfort Print, NIV, The Story: The Bible as One Continuing Story of God and His People, NIV, Biblical Theology Study Bible, Comfort Print: Follow God’s Redemptive Plan as It Unfolds throughout Scripture, NIV, Chronological Study Bible: Holy Bible, New International Version, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Luke, Comfort Print. (q) Homer. Jdg 3:31. Judges 3:31. The treacherous assassination of a hostile king is not to be regarded as an act of the Spirit of God, and therefore is not set before us as an example to be imitated. Disarmament was the universal policy of ancient days (1Samuel 13:19); and this reduced the Israelites to the use of inventive skill in very simple weapons (1Samuel 17:40; 1Samuel 17:43). Ehud's conduct must be judged according to the spirit of those times, when it was thought allowable to adopt any means of destroying the enemy of one's nation. Ehud proved himself to have been raised up by the Lord as the deliverer of Israel, simply by the fact that he actually delivered his people from the bondage of the Moabites, and it by no means follows that the means which he selected were either commanded or approved by Jehovah. v. 4, § 3), following some Jewish hagadah, says that Shamgar was chosen judge, but died in the first year of his office. He too saved Israel. He does not mention his deed of prowess. (Codex B) and Vulgate have “with a ploughshare;” and the Alexandrian Codex of the LXX. And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel. Samson had nothing better than the jawbone of an ass (Judges 15:15). The ox goad, as now used in those parts, is an instrument fit to do great execution with it, as Mr. Maundrell (s), who saw many of them, describes it; on measuring them, he found them to be eight feet long, at the bigger end six inches in circumference, at the lesser end was a sharp prickle for driving the oxen, and at the other end a small spade, or paddle of iron, for cleansing the plough from the clay: and he also delivered Israel, from those robbers and plunderers, and prevented their doing any further mischief in the land, and subjecting it to their power, and so may very properly be reckoned among the judges of Israel; but how long he judged is not said, perhaps his time is to be reckoned into the eighty years of rest before mentioned; or, as Abarbinel thinks, into the forty years of Deborah, the next judge; and who also observes, that their Rabbins say, Shamgar judged but one year. 134. Iliad. And it will not all depend on us either. With an ox goad.—The LXX. The sacred text gives us no further particulars concerning him than that he slew six hundred of them with an ox-goad; or, as the Latin and Greek versions render it, with a plough-share. It is armed at the lesser end with a sharp prong for driving the cattle, and on the other with a small iron paddle for removing the clay which encumbers the plough in working. Judges 5:6 In the days of Shamgar son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways were deserted and the travelers took the byways. The best value in digital Bible study. Judges 3:30 So Moab was subdued under the hand of Israel that day, and the land had rest for eighty years. English Standard Version (ESV). Judges 3:31.Shamgar was the son of Anath and from the tribe of Benjamite. In the East they are sometimes formidable implements, eight feet long, pointed with a strong sharp iron head. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. There is, indeed, no impossibility (even apart from Divine assistance, which is implied though not expressly attributed to him) in the supposition that in a battle which may have lasted for more than one day a single chief may with his own hand have killed this number, for we are told that in a night battle against Moawijah, Ali raised a shout each time he had killed an enemy, and his voice was heard 300 times in one night; and a story closely resembling that of Shamgar is narrated of a Swedish peasant; but the question here is merely one of interpretation, and nothing is more common in Scripture, as in all literature, than to say that a leader personally did what was done under his leadership, e.g., “Saul has slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands” (1Samuel 18:7). $3.99 a month for 40+ study tools. i. ESV Women's Study Bible--soft leather-look, teal, The Jesus Bible, ESV Edition--soft leather-look, multi-color/teal, ESV Journaling Bible, Interleaved Edition, Cloth over Board, Tan, ESV Study Bible, Large-Print--soft leather-look, mahogany with trellis design (indexed), ESV Student Study Bible (Printed TruTone Imitation Leather with Autumn Song). He too saved Israel. vi. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan. The use of them—since whips were not used for cattle—is alluded to in 1Samuel 13:21; Acts 9:5. The phrase occurs here alone—bemalmad ha bākār; literally, “with a thing to teach oxen.” There can be little doubt that an ox-goad is meant. So Lycurgus is said to put to flight the forces of Bacchus with an ox goad (q) which is said to be done near Carmel, a mountain in Judea, which makes it probable that this is hammered out of the sacred history; or that Shamgar and Lycurgus are the same, as Bochart conjectures (r). In my sermon today I want to answer two questions. par. Israel’s peace with the Moabites then lasted for 80 … & Canaan. Second, What can we learn from Shamgar today? 3:31 An ox goad - As Samson did a thousand with the jaw - bone of an ass; both being miraculous actions, and not at all incredible to him that believes a God, who could easily give strength to effect this. 1. l. 2. c. 39. col. 385. Since the writer doesn’t give any details other than what is already given I am goi… l. 1. c. 18. col. 446. Judges 3:31 - "After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an ox goad. We may suppose, however, for the notice is very fragmentary, that Shamgar was only the leader of a band of peasants, who by means of such implements of labor as they could lay hold of at the moment, achieved the heroic exploit recorded. 15, § 4). In Judges 5, Deborah links Shamgar from the south with Jael from the north. He too saved Israel." The writer of Judges doesn’t say much about Shamgar other than he was the son of Anath that he killed 600 Philistines and like Ehud delivered Israel. It is probable Shamgar was following the plough, when the Philistines made an inroad into the country. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. Copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. (r) Hieozoic. We know nothing of Shamgar’s tribe or family, but, as neither his name nor that of his father is Jewish, it has been conjectured that he may have been a Kenite; a conjecture which derives some confirmation from his juxtaposition with Jael in Judges 5:6. Find out more here. All rights reserved worldwide. The son of Anath.—There was a Beth-anath in Naphtali, but Shamgar could hardly have belonged to Northern Israel. 31 After him was Shamgar the son of Anath, who killed 600 of the Philistines with an oxgoad, and he also saved Israel. At the same time it shows how low the men of Judah were brought at this time, being disarmed by their oppressors Judges 5:8, as was also the case later 1 Samuel 13:19. slew … six hundred men with an oxgoad—This instrument is eight feet long and about six inches in circumference.