In April and again in July, the Yucatán Congress rejected, through an unlawful secret ballot, a legal reform to allow same-sex marriage. In 2016 all civilian and military courts officially transitioned from an inquisitorial legal system based primarily upon judicial review of written documents to an accusatorial trial system reliant upon oral testimony presented in open court. Freedom of Expression, Including for the Press, b. Freedoms of Peaceful Assembly and Association, Section 3. On February 20, two years after the killing of indigenous activist Isidro Baldenegro, authorities sentenced his killer to 11 years in prison. Discrimination in employment or occupation occurred against women, indigenous groups, persons with disabilities, LGBTI individuals, and migrant workers. In other developments related to the Ayotzinapa case, in June an anonymous video was released allegedly showing military and police officers torturing a detainee, Carlos Canto Salgado. See the Department of State’s Annual Report on International Parental Child Abduction at https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/International-Parental-Child-Abduction/for-providers/legal-reports-and-data/reported-cases. Journalists expressed concern about the president's disparaging of journalists and media outlets that criticized his policies, which could cause a chilling effect. Despite these prohibitions, there were reports of security forces torturing suspects. The US should immediately cease returning asylum seekers to Mexico and instead ensure them access to humanitarian support, safety, and due process in asylum proceedings here in the United States. Indigenous persons in isolated regions reported incidents of forced labor, in which cartel members forced them to perform illicit activities or face death.  Human Rights Watch, “We Can’t Help You Here:” US Returns of Asylum Seekers to Mexico, July 2, 2019, https://www.hrw.org/report/2019/07/02/we-cant-help-you-here/us-returns-asylum-seekers-mexico. The government was reasonably effective in enforcing child labor laws in large and medium-sized companies, especially in the export-oriented factory (maquiladora) sector and other industries under federal jurisdiction. Job announcements specifying desired gender, age, marital status, and parental status were common. Download the report; In every country many people have little prospect for a better future. A majority of state legislatures approved the reform on June 4, and it came into force on June 7. The Presidential Commission for Truth and Justice in the Ayotzinapa Case was formally inaugurated in January. The new platform was scheduled to be operational by the end of the year. For involving minors in acts of sexual exhibitionism or the production, facilitation, reproduction, distribution, sale, and purchase of child pornography, the law mandates seven to 12 years’ imprisonment and a fine. There were reports of forced disappearances by organized crime groups, sometimes with allegations of state collusion. Through its DECLARALAB self-evaluation tool, the secretariat provided technical assistance to almost 4,000 registered workplaces to help them meet occupational safety and health regulations. Federal law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights. Some NGOs alleged individuals who organized campaigns to discredit human rights defenders at times acted with tacit support from government officials. (Statistics from state-level reports often conflated femicides with all killings of women.). Home; About HRC; HRC Sessions; Presidency & Membership; HRC Bodies. As of August the total number of state and federal accredited facilities was 98, an increase of six from the previous year. According to several NGOs and unions, many workers faced violence and intimidation around bargaining-rights elections perpetrated by protection union leaders and employers supporting them, as well as other workers, union leaders, and vigilantes hired by a company to enforce a preference for a particular union. He told the judge that although he is recovering physically, he’s afraid to be sent back. According to reports, manufacturing executives in the northern border region colluded with one another to keep wages artificially low. You can use this tool to change your cookie settings. The commission included senior officials from the Secretariat of the Interior, Secretariat of Foreign Affairs, Secretariat of Finance, and victims and the civil society organizations that legally represent them. During the year, the government held public apology ceremonies for emblematic cases of human rights violations, such as the extrajudicial execution of two students in 2010 and for a case of enforced disappearance, torture and extrajudicial execution of different members of a family in 1977. One victim was Julian Carrillo Martinez, killed in October 2018 despite allegedly receiving law enforcement protection. The Mexican government accepted the recommendations of an analysis presented by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights regarding the Mechanism and made a public commitment to implement them. Environmental activists continued to be targets of violence, a majority of them from indigenous communities. The commission attributed the displacement of 10,947 persons in 2018 to armed attacks against civilians in the states of Chiapas, Oaxaca, and Sinaloa. Human Rights in the Americas. Civil society groups claimed police routinely subjected LGBTI persons to mistreatment while in custody. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) continues to return asylum seekers with disabilities or other chronic health conditions to Mexico, despite the Department of Homeland Security’s initial guidance that no one with “known physical/mental health issues” would be placed in the program. OHCHR English Human Rights Bodies UPR UPR - Mexico. The constitution grants the president the authority to use the armed forces for the protection of internal and national security, and the courts upheld the legality of the armed forces’ role in undertaking these activities in support of civilian authorities. Only four states (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Veracruz, and Zacatecas) had established citizen councils as required by the law. Sufficient and up-to-date data on gender-based killings and violence was not available. In May, Congress unanimously approved a constitutional reform on gender parity that establishes a requirement to observe parity in the designation of public officials at every level (federal, state, local) in all three branches of government. Civil society groups reported families living in inhuman conditions, with inadequate and cramped housing, no access to clean water or bathrooms, insufficient food, and without medical care. Impunity persisted for human rights violations and crimes under international law. The President ordered the resumption of international assistance on the case. | About the UPR; UPR cycles; Sessions; Documentation by country; UPR Mid-term information; UPR Trust Funds; Civil Society Engagement; Parliaments; Regional workshops; Media Outreach; Accreditation; UPR Extranet; Advisory Committee; … News reports indicated there were poor working conditions in some maquiladoras. Improvements: Federal and state facilities continued to seek or maintain international accreditation from the American Correctional Association. A constitutional reform passed in February increased the number of crimes for which pretrial detention is mandatory and bail is not available, including armed robbery, electoral crimes, fuel theft, and weapons possession. In January the newspaper El Universal reported as many as 400 children were working on tomato and chili pepper farms near Coahuayana, Michoacan, receiving little education and earning very low wages. Nongovernmental Impact: Organized criminal groups exercised a grave and increasing influence over media outlets and reporters, threatening individuals who published critical views of crime groups. The Secretariat of Labor is responsible for enforcing labor laws and inspecting workplaces. High-ranking public officials must include information related to their spouses and dependents to prevent conflicts of interest, but this information is to remain private. | The secretariat responds to these reports based on three principles: guarantee of confidentiality, continuous monitoring of the case, and effective sanctioning. On December 5, the government formally created an Extraordinary Mechanism for Forensic Identification to bring together national and international forensics experts to help identify 37,000 unidentified remains held in government facilities. On May 3, unknown assailants killed activists Otilia Martinez Cruz and Gregorio Chaparro Cruz in the indigenous territory of Coloradas de la Virgen, Chihuahua. In January the CNDH issued a report on torture and other forms of mistreatment committed against 19 persons in the state of Aguascalientes between 2011 and 2013 by the state prosecutor’s office. Of these children, 7.1 percent were younger than the minimum age of work or worked under conditions that violated federal labor laws, such as performing hazardous work. Spanish, Date of consideration: Wednesday 7 November 2018 - 09:00 - 12:30, © 2020 United Nations Review of 2019 27 ... resulting in daily human rights violations for millions of people. As well as covering our thematic, consular and programme work on human rights, the report focused on the 30 countries where we are particularly concerned about human rights issues, and where we consider that the UK can make a real difference. Violations of time limits on pretrial detention were endemic in state judicial systems. America Should Not Lag Behind on Protecting Children, US to Refugees: Poor Asylum Seekers Need Not Apply, Human Rights Dimensions of COVID-19 Response, Spain: Respect Rights of People Arriving by Sea to Canary Islands, US: President Should Set a Human Rights Foreign Policy, Libya: Outspoken Benghazi Lawyer Murdered, https://www.hrw.org/report/2019/07/02/we-cant-help-you-here/us-returns-asylum-seekers-mexico, https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/10/29/mexico-risks-border-those-disabilities, https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/09/25/us-move-puts-more-asylum-seekers-risk, https://apnews.com/337b139ed4fa4d208b93d491364e04da, https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/migrants-thrust-by-us-officials-into-the-arms-of-the-cartels/2019/11/15/84770670-07e5-11ea-ae28-7d1898012861_story.html, https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2019/11/12/scathing-manifesto-an-asylum-officer-blasts-trumps-cruelty-migrants/, https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/hamedaleaziz/dhs-asylum-report-mpp-immigration-remain-mexico, https://trac.syr.edu/immigration/reports/568/.