After seizing Aachen and capturing Charlemagne's Palace at Nijmegen, he returned to France at the request of the German bishops. Carolus Simplex (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), translated Charles the Simple or the Straightforward, was the King of West Francia from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 923.He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, and is counted as Charles III of France.Among his accomplishments was the defeat of the Viking chieftain Rollo at the Siege of Chartres in 911. Although he signed the Treaty of Bonn with king Henry the Fowler of East Francia on 7 November 921, he had to fight on two fronts: one against Duke Giselbert of Lotharingia and the other against Hugh the Great, irritated by the treatment of his mother-in-law. ), king of France (893–922), whose authority came to be accepted by Lorraine and who settled the Northmen in Normandy but who became the first Carolingian ruler of the western kingdom to lose his crown.. The Normans who had such an impact on Europe in the 11th and 12th centuries were the final product of this settlement. He married Frederuna (887-917) May 907. Charles returned with a Norman army in 923 but was defeated on 15 June at the Battle of Soissons by Robert, who died in the battle. After three years of incompetent government, Charles the Fat was finally deposed by the Diet of Tribur in 887. Charles returned with a Norman army in 923 but was defeated on 15 June near Soissons by Robert, who died in the battle. He married Eadgifu of Wessex (902-aft955) 919. Notable ancestors include Charlemagne (747-814). In 893, aided by Archbishop Fulk of Reims, Charles the Simple attempted to reclaim the throne, but in vain. This page was last changed on 17 February 2017, at 00:46. [11], In 922, the Frankish nobles revolted again led by Robert of Neustria. After the Treaty of Verdun in 843, the Lotharingia was part of Middle Francia for a short time and both West and East Francia tried to gain control over it. On 2 July 922, Charles lost his most faithful supporter, Herveus of Reims, who had succeeded Fulk in 900. A few years later, in September 911, the Lotharingian aristocracy again called on Charles the Simple after the death of Louis the Child, the last Carolingian ruler in East Francia. He gave Hagano several monasteries that already belonged to other barons which angered them. He died soon after in January 888. In April 907 he married a Lotharingian noblewoman named Frederuna. At the time, Brittany was an independent land which France had not been able to conquer. The posthumous son of Louis II the Stammerer by a marriage of … [6] Opposition to Charles in Lotharingia was not universal, however; he retained support of Wigeric. Omissions? In 911 also, the magnates of Lorraine (Lotharingia) accepted the authority of Charles on the death of the last Carolingian king of the East Franks, Louis the Child. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Charles III (17 September 879 – 7 October 929), called the Simple or the Straightforward (from the Latin Carolus Simplex), was the King of West Francia from 898 until 922 and the King of Lotharingia from 911 until 919–23. The nobility elected Odo, the hero of the Siege of Paris as their king. [18], Charles the Simple returned to France to regain the throne. Charles was strongly under the influence of Robert, brother of the dead Eudes. The posthumous son of Louis II the Stammerer by a marriage of contested legitimacy, Charles was passed over for the throne on the death of his half-brother, Carloman, in 884 or that of his cousin, Charles the Fat, in 888. [5] Charles was captured and imprisoned in a castle at Péronne under the guard of Herbert II of Vermandois. [8] Jean Dunbabin, "West Francia: The Kingdom", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_the_Simple&oldid=5604783, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Alpais, who married Erlebold, count of Lommegau. According to Richerus, Robert was killed in battle by Count Fulbert[19] or according to other historians, by Charles the Simple. He also defended Lotharingia twice against attacks by Conrad, King of the Germans.