[88][89] In a front-page tribute, the Indian fortnightly Frontline dismissed the charges as "patently false" and said that they had "made no impact on the public perception of her work, especially in Calcutta". [152], On 17 December 2015, the Vatican Press Office confirmed that Pope Francis recognised a second miracle attributed to Teresa: the healing of a Brazilian man with multiple brain tumours back in 2008. Bindra, Satinder (7 September 2001). [143] The group found no obstacle to Teresa's canonisation, and issued its nihil obstat on 21 April 1999. [93] By the early 1970s, she was an international celebrity. Although some sources state she was 10 when her father died, in an interview with her brother, the Vatican documents her age at the time as "about eight". [23] She neither saw her mother, nor her sister again. [56], By 1997, the 13-member Calcutta congregation had grown to more than 4,000 sisters who managed orphanages, AIDS hospices and charity centers worldwide, caring for refugees, the blind, disabled, aged, alcoholics, the poor and homeless and victims of floods, epidemics and famine. I did not let a single tear come. [But] as for me, the silence and the emptiness is so great, that I look and do not see – listen and do not hear – the tongue moves [in prayer] but does not speak. As to my calling, I belong to the world. Mother House of the Missionaries of Charity. To fail would have been to break the faith. [134] According to James Langford, these doubts were typical and would not be an impediment to canonisation. [61] Accompanied by Red Cross workers, she travelled through the war zone to the hospital to evacuate the young patients. Rajagopal MR, Joranson DE, and Gilson AM (2001), "Medical use, misuse and diversion of opioids in India". A controversial figure during her life and after her death, Teresa was admired by many for her charitable work. Several biographers have attributed his death to poisoning by Serbian agents. [160] The ceremony was also presided over by D'Souza and the Vatican's ambassador to India, Giambattista Diquattro, who lead the Mass and inaugurated a bronze statue in the church of Mother Teresa carrying a child. As to my calling, I belong to the world. She felt that she should serve the poor by staying with them. [168] The Tamil Nadu government organised centenary celebrations honouring Teresa on 4 December 2010 in Chennai, headed by chief minister M Karunanidhi. She spent her life opposing the only known cure for poverty, which is the empowerment of women and the emancipation of them from a livestock version of compulsory reproduction. Teresa then expanded the congregation abroad, opening a house in Venezuela in 1965 with five sisters. "I was to leave the convent and help the poor while living among them. Around this time, the Catholic world began to honour Teresa publicly. The poverty of the poor must be so hard for them. [153], Francis canonised her at a ceremony on 4 September 2016 in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. When Teresa received the prize she was asked, "What can we do to promote world peace?" [80] Teresa's official biography, by Navin Chawla, was published in 1992. Nikollë Bojaxhiu's company constructed the city's first theater and part of the railway line that connected Skopje with the region of Kosovo. Teresa received a number of honors, including the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. Nikollë Bojaxhiu (c. 1874 – c. 1919) was an Albanian businessman, benefactor, politician and the father of the Roman Catholic nun and missionary Mother Teresa. [113] At the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, Teresa said: "Yet we can destroy this gift of motherhood, especially by the evil of abortion, but also by thinking that other things like jobs or positions are more important than loving. Teresa adopted Indian citizenship, spent several months in Patna to receive basic medical training at Holy Family Hospital and ventured into the slums. [87] Vishwa Hindu Parishad, however, opposed the government decision to grant her a state funeral. [84][85] According to him, some of the hygiene problems he had criticized (needle reuse, for example) improved after Teresa's death in 1997. Today, I learned a good lesson. [50] The Missionaries of Charity established leprosy-outreach clinics throughout Calcutta, providing medication, dressings and food. [90], In February 2015 Mohan Bhagwat, leader of the Hindu right-wing organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, said that Teresa's objective was "to convert the person, who was being served, into a Christian". [126], Abortion-rights groups have also criticised Teresa's stance against abortion and contraception.[127][128][129]. She was canonised on 4 September 2016, and the anniversary of her death (5 September) is her feast day. As to my heart, I belong entirely to the Heart of Jesus. [109], In 1979, Teresa received the Nobel Peace Prize "for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace". [8] However this hypothesis has been rejected by scholar Albert Ramaj, who, based on the testimony of a contemporary, Lalush Lalevski, argues that the representative of the Aromanian community at the time, whose last name was Boiadjijev, was another person, and entirely unrelated to Nikollë Bojaxhiu. She was the youngest of 3 children, her eldest sister Aga and her older brother Lazar. [94] During filming, footage shot in poor lighting (particularly at the Home for the Dying) was thought unlikely to be usable by the crew. [70], Teresa had a heart attack in Rome in 1983 while she was visiting Pope John Paul II. I don't do it for this reason. Mother Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu[6] (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, Albanian: [aˈɲɛzə ˈɡɔndʒɛ bɔjaˈdʒiu]; 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), honoured in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta,[7] was an Albanian-Indian[4] Roman Catholic nun and missionary. He died in 1919, a few hours after he returned from a political meeting in Belgrade. Bojaxhiu moved to Skopje in the Kosovo Vilayet (present-day Macedonia) after 1900, where he first worked as a pharmacist and later became a partner in a construction company. [151] Teresa was beatified on 19 October 2003, and was known by Catholics as "Blessed". Syro-Malabar Catholic, Syro-Malankara Catholic, Latin Catholic, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, Protestant denominations [45], On 7 October 1950, Teresa received Vatican permission for the diocesan congregation, which would become the Missionaries of Charity. I have removed that hunger. [154][155] It was televised live on the Vatican channel and streamed online; Skopje, Teresa's hometown, announced a week-long celebration of her canonisation. I do it for Christ. ", "Catholic Church manufactured an ovarian miracle for Mother Teresa", "Living Saint: Mother Teresa's fast track to canonization", "Mother Teresa to become saint after Pope recognises 'miracle' – report", "Mother Teresa Is Made a Saint by Pope Francis", "Mother Teresa declared saint by Pope Francis at Vatican ceremony – BBC News", "Mother Teresa to be co-patron of Calcutta Archdiocese", "Mother Teresa named co-patron of Calcutta archdiocese : News Headlines", "Archbishop D'Souza: Mother Teresa will be the co-patron of Calcutta", "The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Calcutta – India", "Kosovo Muslims Resent New Mother Teresa Statue", ":: Welcome To Mother Teresa Women's University ::", "Mother Theresa Post Graduate And Research Institute of Health Sciences, Pondicherry", "Centre could have done more for Mother Teresa: Karunanidhi", "Centenary Celebrations of Mother Teresa", "Charity contributes to the promotion of dialogue, solidarity and mutual understanding among people", "A Measure Of The Man | Outlook India Magazine", "First cathedral for Mother Teresa is consecrated in Kosovo", "Actress draws on convent experience for 'Teresa' role", "Mother Teresa (2003) | Decent Films – SDG Reviews", "Mother Teresa vs Sigmund Freud. [143], The process of canonisation requires the documentation of a miracle resulting from the intercession of the prospective saint. "[38] Joseph Langford later wrote, "Though no one knew it at the time, Sister Teresa had just become Mother Teresa". [36], During this visit to Darjeeling by train, she heard the call of her inner conscious. [18][19] Her mother may have been from a village near Gjakova. "Mother Teresa Laid to Rest After Multi-Faith Tribute". Occupation: businessman, benefactor and politician: Managed by: Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, All India Conference of Indian Christians, Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding, honorary citizenship of the United States, Mother Teresa's 1979 Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, Gallup's List of Most Widely Admired People of the 20th Century, The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice, "Canonisation of Mother Teresa – September 4th", "Vatican declares Mother Teresa a patron saint of Calcutta", "Mother Teresa to be named co-patron of Calcutta Archdiocese on first canonization anniversary", "Mother Teresa | Canonization, Awards, Facts, & Feast Day", "The Nobel Peace Prize 1979: Mother Teresa", "Nënë Tereza dhe pretendimet sllave për origjinën e saj", "From Sister to Mother to Saint: The journey of Mother Teresa", "Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta and St. Therese of Lisieux: Spiritual Sisters in the Night of Faith", https://sarkarinaukri.ws/short-note-on-mother-teresa-paragraph-essay-image/, "washingtonpost.com: Highlights of Mother Teresa's Life". Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif called her "a rare and unique individual who lived long for higher purposes. [25], She arrived in India in 1929[26] and began her novitiate in Darjeeling, in the lower Himalayas,[27] where she learned Bengali and taught at St. Teresa's School near her convent. [46] In her words, it would care for "the hungry, the naked, the homeless, the crippled, the blind, the lepers, all those people who feel unwanted, unloved, uncared for throughout society, people that have become a burden to the society and are shunned by everyone". [91] Former RSS spokesperson M. G. Vaidhya supported Bhagwat's assessment, and the organization accused the media of "distorting facts about Bhagwat's remarks". [47], In 1952, Teresa opened her first hospice with help from Calcutta officials. Sister of Aga Bojaxhiu and Lazar Bojaxhiu. Her authorized biography was written by Navin Chawla and published in 1992, and she has been the subject of films and other books. [1], Nikollë Bojaxhiu was born into a Kosovar Albanian family. [34] Although Teresa enjoyed teaching at the school, she was increasingly disturbed by the poverty surrounding her in Calcutta. She was born in Skopje (now the capital of North Macedonia), then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. Bojaxhiu died in 1919 in obscure circumstances, which led to reports that attributed his death to poisoning by Serbian agents. [64], Teresa travelled to assist the hungry in Ethiopia, radiation victims at Chernobyl and earthquake victims in Armenia. By citizenship, an Indian. Aga passed away in 1974, at age 69 at death … Mother Teresa, Aga Bojaxhiu, Lazar Bojaxhiu, 1874 - Prizren, Prizren, District of Prizren, Kosovo, Serbia, Anjeze Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, Lazar Bojaxhiu, Aga Bojaxhiu, Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, Mother Teresa, Nobel Peace Prize, 1979.