[214], Vice President Suleiman negotiated with the opposition, including Mohamed Morsi and El-Sayyid el-Badawi. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The Seleucids under Antiochus III controlled much of the Arabian Peninsula forcibly converting many of its new populace to Greek culture and religion, and the intent in that hegemony continued as they took Jerusalem. The Supreme Presidential Election Commission denies the candidates’ appeals and upholds all 10 disqualifications. A police station was torched after protesters seized weapons stored inside before telling officers to get out. The first session of the People’s Assembly is held. Bibliography The law, if upheld, would invalidate the candidacy of Ahmed Shafiq. [213] Demonstrations continued in Alexandria focused around the train station of El Ramel. [citation needed] In the Sinai town of Rafah a lynch mob killed three police officers.t[68], Many tourists sites were disrupted and the access to the Pyramids was suspended. The new Prime Minister had contacted me for the same position in the new cabinet, I refused because I want fresh blood." [80] Al Jazeera reported that 34 members of the Muslim Brotherhood were released from custody as their guards abandoned their posts. Luis Ayala, the secretary-general of the Socialist International said that the NDP was expelled because: The use of violence, with scores dead and injured, is totally incompatible with the policies and principles of any social democratic party anywhere in the world. Cite This Work "[83] Egyptian opposition leaders said that talks would be held only with the army. A statement by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces says a commission will be set up to draft a new constitution, to be approved by a referendum, and that the military will remain in power for six months or until new elections can be held. [119] Mubarak said he would stay in office to ensure a peaceful transition to the next election, set for September 2011, and promised to make political reforms. [237] The Muslim Brotherhood continued to demand for Mubarak's resignation. [70] Chaos was reported at Cairo International Airport, where thousands of stranded and frightened foreigners attempted to evacuate. The best way to do that, he thought, was to enforce the Greek culture on all of the Jewish population, a feat that had so far been elusive. He declared that anyone who had been arrested during the demonstrations would be released unless they had committed a crime. [279] ElBaradei told the Associated Press "This is the greatest day of my life. If it's not the day after it's going to be next week. A court in Cairo overturns a ban on former members of the NDP running in parliamentary elections. [27][28], Tens of thousands filled the streets across Egypt on Friday, 28 January,[29] called by some the "Friday of Anger" (Arabic: جمعة الغضب‎ ǧumʿat al-ġaḍab Egyptian Arabic: [ˈɡomʕet elˈɣɑdɑb])[30] and by others as the "Day of Rage". As clashes begin to subside, the government issues an apology for the deaths of about 40 protesters. [253][254] The military council also met without Mubarak. Our key demand is the departure of the regime and the beginning of a new Egypt in which each Egyptian lives in virtue, freedom and dignity. [18][19][20], Protests were not as large on 27 January while preparations were made for planned large-scale events on the following day (Friday). In 167 BCE, the Jewish people rose up, with Mattathias as their leader. The secretary-general of the Freedom and Justice Party, Muḥammad Saʿad al-Katātnī, is appointed speaker of the assembly. More than 30 protesters are killed in clashes over the next two days. Egyptian five-year credit default swaps fell by 0.25%. [207] Banks temporarily reopened throughout the country amidst long queues,[208] and people rushed to buy US dollars.[209]. [133] State television then announced: "You have to evacuate Tahrir Square immediately. A new cabinet is sworn in, completing a cabinet reshuffle promised by Prime Minister Sharaf to placate protesters. An Internet campaign sought to mobilise thousands of expatriates to return home and support the uprising. Theocracy and politics were intertwined in the 2nd century BCE in Jerusalem. [216] Naguib Sawiris, who was involved in the talks, said that "big progress" had been made. [47] In the evening, one of the National Democratic Party (NDP) headquarters buildings in Cairo[48][49] was set on fire by an unidentified culprit. The civilian cabinet, led by Prime Minister Essam Sharaf, resigns as protests grow larger. Assassin's Creed Rebellion. Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali to step down, January 2011. Wael Ghonim, Google's head of Marketing for the Middle East and North Africa and the founder of the Facebook page that was said to have been influential in fomenting the protests, who had been in custody since 25 January, was reported to have been released. When Antiochus sent some of his officers to the town of Modiin to lay down his tyranny and enact the oppressive laws that he had enforced, he was met by a local Jewish country priest named Mattathias. Before you play the game, it is worth reviewing the history of Ancient Egypt, the period in which the game is set. Ganzouri, an economist, previously served as prime minister under Mubārak from 1996 to 1999. "[159], Mubarak rejected international calls to step aside. Early in the morning shots were fired as protesters said pro-Mubarak activists tried to assault the square. No one had informed me of this decision and I heard it from the news." Egypt, governed by Ptolemy I Soter allowed for Judaism in Jerusalem to flourish with very little intervening in the 3rd century BCE. Five hundred protesters arrived in Tahrir Square from Suez. The second of three rounds of voting for parliamentary elections begins. Egypt’s public prosecutor orders the detention of Mubārak and his sons Alaa and Gamal for 15 days for questioning. "[128], The NDP sent many people to show support for Mubarak. [207] Demonstrations continued, forcing Ben Ali to flee the country. Egyptian Revolution: A Demographic Structural Analysis. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. [200] Minister of State for Legal Affairs Mufid Shehab and Presidential Chief-of-Staff Zakaria Azmy were dismissed from the party. [61], Widespread protests continued, with many protesters chanting, "Down with Mubarak". He stated that while remaining president to the end of his term in September he would transfer his powers to the vice-president. The clashes had negatively impacted what the president speech had achieved." [274] Celebrations and car honking were reported in Alexandria and Cairo. Such was the case in Egypt, where in 2011 a Using the slight hills and the superior knowledge of the area, they outmanoeuvred the Seleucids and slowly they picked them off. The Maccabean Revolt: Anatomy of a Biblical Revolution, Understanding the Maccabean Revolt 167 to 63 Bce, Day of Atonement: A Novel of the Maccabean Revolt. [116], Vice President Suleiman held a meeting with some of the Muslim Brotherhood figures, including Mohamed Morsi and Saad El-Katatny. Cabinet offices in Cairo were evacuated after anti-government protesters gathered outside the building. [270][271] Massive protests continued in Cairo, Alexandria, and other cities. Judea was now free from the Seleucid rule and the death of Antiochus VII in 129 BCE confirmed this. The pro-Mubarak messages characterized protesters as disloyal and called upon recipients to "confront" them. On the second day of the presidential election, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces issues a supplementary constitutional declaration that places severe restrictions on the powers of the incoming president and grants the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces sweeping legislative and executive powers and greater authority over the constitution-writing process. This decision was made at the first Cabinet meeting since the protests began. The Maccabean Revolt: The History and Legacy of the Jewish Uprising... Insurrection: An Epic Novel About The Maccabean Revolt, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. 3,000 lawyers marched from the lawyers' syndicate in downtown Cairo to Abdeen Palace, one of Mubarak's official residences. In this special feature, Britannica provides background and context for the events unfolding in Egypt—shedding light on the political, economic, and social tensions that simmered for decades and erupted early in 2011. Pro-government protesters were active and small-scale clashes happened in the early hours. Egypt’s public prosecutor announces that Mubārak and his sons, Alaa and Gamal, will stand trial for ordering security forces to kill protesters. The real heroes are the ones that took to the streets, please focus your cameras on the right people. [243] Clashes were said to have killed three people and wounded hundreds more in the past two days. "[263], Protesters watched in stunned silence or in anger to his speech, some crying or waving their shoes in the air.